Air Effect on the Ideality of p-Type Organic Field-Effect Transistors: A Double-Edged Sword
Xiaofeng Wu, Ruofei Jia, Jiansheng Jie*, Mi Zhang, Jing Pan, Xiujian Zhang, Xiaohong Zhang*
1Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123,P.R.China.
Organic feld-effect transistors (OFETs) often deviate from ideal behaviors in air, which masks their intrinsic properties and thus signifcantly impedes their practical applications. A key issue of how the presence of air affects the ideality of OFETs has not yet been fully understood. It is revealed that air atmosphere may exert a double-edged sword effect on the active semiconductor layer when determining the ideality of OFETs fabricated from p-type crystalline organic semiconductors. Upon exposing the as-fabricated device to air, water and oxygen mainly function as effcient p-type dopants for the active layer in the contact regions, enhancing charge carrier injection and consequently improving device ideality. Nevertheless, as the exposure time increases, the trapping centers for the injected minority charge carriers appear in the channel region, leading to degradation of device ideality. Inspired by the double-edged sword behavior of air, a near-ideal OFET is achieved by ingeniously utilizing the doping/positive effect and eliminating the trapping/negative effect. The effect of air on the ideality of p-type OFETs is clarifed, which not only illuminates some common observations of OFETs in air but also offers useful guidance for the construction of high-performance ideal OFETs.